Stephanie Pan said today that they are everywhere.
A production line controlled by computers and operated by robots.
There is no chatter of assembly workers, only the rotation and click of the machine. In the mid-
In the 1940 s, the factory without workers was still the material of science fiction.
There is no computer, and electronic devices are primitive.
Hidden in rural England, however, is a highly automated production line called ECME, which can produce 1500 radio receivers per day with little help from people.
The key to this manufacturing efficiency miracle is this glue board that is molded with grooves and filled with molten zinc-a pioneer in integrated circuits.
To match the output of ECME, hundreds of workers are needed.
All ECME needs is a couple of girls eating on the rubber board and one person doing some weird maintenance.
Has ECME and plastic circuit boards completely changed the UK factory?
Not at all.
John sagarov, a visionary engineer who developed the technology, is ahead of the times.
At the Science Museum in London, several rubber planks survived, but the clever machines that made them disappeared.
The Indian government ordered 20,000 vehicles.
Chinese President Jiang Kai
Mr. Shi bought £ 25,000 and could have ordered more if the people's revolution had not broken his plan.
By 1948, John sagarov's radio sold like hot cakes in Asia and the Far East.
This is exactly what he meant when he designed the world's first automatic assembly line.