powering aspirational india - electricity storage
How much electricity Does India need?
One way to answer this is to follow the top
By measuring economic models, one can test economic growth, study the relationship between economic growth and energy demand, and incorporate the impact of technological and policy changes externally.
The other option is the bottom
A method for estimating requirements based on equipment saturation, efficiency and usage.
An easy way is to look around and come to the conclusion.
According to the 2014 data released by the International Energy Agency, the global average per capita electricity consumption is 3030 KW hours (
KWh is commonly known as the unit).
India has a corresponding figure of about 805 units and 8,028 units in the OECD developed countries.
Most OECD countries are in temperate zones.
So let's take a look at the scene around India: the corresponding figure for Singapore is 8,844, Malaysia is 4,646, and Thailand is 2,566.
By the middle of this century, the global per capita consumption is expected to be 7,500 units.
We can use this data to set targets that India can target.
Power generation and forecasting need to emphasize energy conservation and improve energy efficiency of industrial and household appliances, which will help reduce power consumption, however, it seems difficult to reduce the living standards enjoyed by citizens of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries to below 5,000 units per year.
Suppose India's population is about 1 by the middle of this century.
6 billion, transmission and distribution losses will drop to the technically feasible minimum of about 7%, and India must plan to produce about 8. 6 trillion units (BU)
Each year, 5,000 units per capita are provided to citizens.
Many people have no power in "power"
The cumulative average growth rate of electricity generation in India is 2006-07 to 2015-
16 close to 6%. In 2016-
The power generation of utilities is 1,242 BU.
Data from non-generated
Utilities are not yet available, but one can assume it is roughly the same as in 201516, i. e. 168 BU.
As a result, the total power generation is 1,410 BU.
The population is assumed to be 1.
3 billion, equivalent to 1,100 units per capita.
Therefore, it is estimated that 2050 of the electricity generated is six times the total electricity generated in 2016.
17 and about 4 per capita. 5 times.
India still has a long way to go.
For several reasons, the target of 5,000 units per person per year is very low.
The proportion of electricity in total energy consumption is increasing.
According to the International Atomic Energy Agency, this ratio is 34.
The Middle East and South Asia stood at EUR 8% in 2015 and are expected to increase to EUR 52% in 2050.
The Indian government has announced a number of policy initiatives, such as electricity and housing for all, accelerating infrastructure construction, manufacturing in India, and traffic electrified.
This requires more power and a reliable foundation.
Many people think that we should go back to the frugal way of life and reduce the use of electricity.
When electricity consumption continues to grow elsewhere in the world, can one expect young people in India to do so?
India is eager to work and live in the air --
Conditional space, reduce the heavy work of home work by using electrical appliances, and entertain yourself by deploying the best theater system, in the non-
Pollution traffic, etc.
Once basic amenities are available, an ordinary Indian will become an aspiring Indian.
Human life has become more productive thanks to electrical lighting and indoor climate control.
Indoor heating for climate control increases productivity in countries in the cold regions of the world
Now, tropical countries, including India, are making such adjustments.
In this context, we must make the most of the low
Carbon Energy, I. e.
Renewable energy (water and electricity)VRE)
And nuclear power.
Hydropower generated 122 BU last year;
It takes time to develop additional potential.
According to a report by NITI Aayog, India's solar and wind potential exceeds 750 giwatts and 302 giwatts, respectively.
Assuming a load factor of 20%, this may result in a 1,840 BU.
All of these figures are rough estimates, but it is clear that the total possible power generation of hydro and VRE can only reach a quarter of the projected demand of up to 8,600 BU.
Where will the rest of India's electricity come from?
It is necessary to increase the share of nuclear power generation as soon as possible and make substantial investments in research and development of power storage technologies to fully benefit from VRE sources.
Until based on low installation capacity
Fossil fuels must continue to play their role.
Recent initiatives such as the cabinet agreed to build 10 local pressurized heavy water reactors for the construction of 3-
At kodankulam, completing all the steps to implement the nuclear cooperation agreement with Japan is a step in the right direction. R. B.