storage battery elements of a solar power panel system - energy

by:MERITSUN     2019-06-25

When you think of a solar panel power generation system, you may only consider the most obvious factors --The panel itself.However, the panel is more complicated than you might realize.Also, the panel is just an integral part of the whole system.If you plan to install a solar panel system, whether you intend to connect the system to the local grid or not, knowing how panels and systems are assembled can help you select the best system as needed.Photovoltaic cells can be said to be the core of solar power generation system.The process of converting sun light into solar energy is completed by photovoltaic cells.Each panel you see is actually made up of several photovoltaic cells that are combined together to form a functional array.The more photovoltaic cells are combined in one unit, the greater the solar potential generated by the panels.A functional array of photovoltaic cells must be installed on a surface that provides backing.However, most commercial panels are made up of aluminum backplates with self-developed systems with multiple options, including flat glass.The backup also allows retargeting the feature array to maximize the sun at different times of the day.A functional array is also covered in the front to protect the photovoltaic cells from damage.The front is usually made of some kind of glass.The commercial panel has a specially designed front;However, homemade solar panels often replace greenhouse glass, which is also designed to maximize light access while being cheaper than dedicated glass.Diodes indicate the energy generated by photovoltaic cells and functional arrays.If there is no diode, the energy generated by the solar panel will be randomly dispersed.Diodes are usually connected to a row of photovoltaic cells, directing the energy of several batteries or the entire functional array in one direction.The wiring connects the functional array with the diodes and connects the solar panels to the rest of the system.Adhesives and sealant are not related to the generation of solar energy, but are the basic elements of the panel.Without adhesive and sealant, the front and back will not be able to complete the task of stabilizing the photovoltaic cell and protecting the functional array from component damage.The adhesive and sealant can also prevent air and moisture from touching the wires, which can cause the shorts to damage the entire panel.While solar panels are at the heart of a solar power generation system, only panels are not enough to generate electricity.The panel must be installed on the roof or on the ground;Complete this task by installing equipment and racks.Direct current (DC) is generated by solar panels );However, most household electrical systems operate under alternating current.Therefore, the converter is necessary to convert the DC power generated by the solar panel into the AC power that the household appliance can actually use.Otherwise you have to buy expensive DC power suppliesIf you can find it.You will also need a circuit breaker or fuse box, as well as switches and fuses to keep the steady flow of power from the solar panel to your home outlet, the solar panel system stores the battery, or both.Especially if you do not connect your home solar panel power system to the local grid, you need a battery to store any excess energy generated by your system.On the other hand, adding a generator backup to a solar system might not be a bad idea.Your system can continue to output power even if the sun doesn't shine, but reserve energy can only last for a few hours or a night.If you are handy with a hammer and have intermediate or advanced electrician skills, you can install your own home solar system.However, if you have any questions about your skill level, it is better to have a professional install a solar system.If you intend to connect your home system to the local grid, utilities may have special regulations and professionals are more likely to comply with all relevant requirements than most --it-yourselfers.
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